These goals are in conflict with each other as designing for ridership means focusing frequent service in transit-favorable corridors and designing for coverage means serving as many areas as possible regardless of ridership. With a limited budget to provide transit service, VTA cannot do both. Instead, we must decide how much of our resources should be spent on each goal, then design a network that achieves the desired balance between the ridership and coverage goals.

Currently, VTA spends about 70 percent of its operating budget on ridership services and 30 percent on coverage services. The conceptual maps that are shown below imagine what VTA's transit network could look like if designed at 70/30, 80/20 and 90/10 balances of ridership and coverage, respectively.

Each of these maps achieves the following:
  • Increases service to Milpitas and Berryessa BART Stations
  • Creates more of a grid network that enables better north/south connections, particularly on the west side of the County
  • Reallocates Express buses that currently serve Fremont BART to Santa Clara County service
  • Expand weekend service so that a frequent network operates on Saturday and Sunday as well as weekdays
  • Use the same number of service hours, just allocated in different ways

These maps do not show the following services, but they will continue to exist:

  • VTA Express bus network
  • Caltrain and ACE shuttles
  • FLEX service
Finally, the ridership/coverage balance question pertains to the geographical allocation of transit service.  As buses can drive on most streets, but light rail is restricted to running on tracks, this discussion is more applicable to bus service than light rail service.  As such, the light rail network is shown in black.  A discussion of potential improvements to light rail service can be found here.
Please note, the following maps are only being presented as concepts and are not proposals.
Network 70
1.2 Million residents & jobs within 1/2-mile of the Frequent Network
100% of today's riders served
Low increase in ridership












Network 80

1.3 Million residents & jobs within 1/2-mile of the Frequent Network
99% of today's riders served
Medium increase in ridership











Network 90

1.6 Million residents & jobs within 1/2-mile of the Frequent Network
96% of today's riders served
High increase in ridership












(Source: http://nextnetwork.vta.org/busconcepts)