Friday, May 13, 2016

Planetizen: Righting Old Wrongs: U.S. DOT Goes from Urban Renewal to Freeway Removal

Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx sees rebuilding America's ailing infrastructure as an opportunity to "right past wrongs," particularly with 1950s and 1960s-era freeways that bisected communities. NPR and Streetsblog describe the new initiative.
April 30, 2016, 5am PDT | Irvin Dawid
Majora Carter

Secretary Foxx tells NPR correspondent Brian Naylor how two interstate highways separated his childhood neighborhood in North Carolina. 
"I didn't realize it as a kid; I didn't think about it as economic and psychological barriers but they were and the choices of where that infrastructure was placed in my community were not unique to Charlotte."
Naylor then turns to the legacy of controversial New York urban planner Robert Moses, "notorious for tearing up communities in the interests of the car, opposition be damned." Archival audio of Moses follows:
"Raw, categorical imperative is action to clear the slums and we can't let minorities dictate that this century-old chore will be put off another generation or finally abandoned," states Moses.
"Foxx says the highway barriers created by Moses and others were the result of deliberate decisions to route them through low income neighborhoods," states Naylor. "Now, decades later as infrastructure needs replacing or repairing, Foxx says there's an opportunity."
Naylor then turns to the Hunts Point section of the South Bronx, "a gritty neighborhood ringed by waste transfer stations...," where trucks pose "a constant threat on the local streets."
He interviews two community activists who describe the neighborhood division resulting from the Sheridan Expressway, an underused, 1.25-mile long stub built by Moses in 1963, that separates the community from an underused neighborhood park.
2010 post states that the expressway "has become a [national] battleground in a fight to take urban spaces back from the automobile." 
Years of activism have paid off, states Naylor. Earlier in April the State of New York approved spending $97 million to convert the Sheridan Expressway into a boulevard "with crosswalks and bike paths."
On March 30, Streetsblog USA's Angie Schmitt wrote about the secretary's presentation to the Center for American Progress on the new initiative, called Ladders of Opportunity, "which aims to shape transportation policy based on how infrastructure can serve as a barrier, or bridge, to jobs, education, and better health."
The disparities go beyond highway planning. “Look at our basic sidewalk infrastructure,” Foxx said, pointing to a photo of the notorious Buford Highway in suburban Atlanta. “You see these roads are really designed for cars, not people. There are no sidewalks, and where you see sidewalks there are no crosswalks.”
A short (2:43-minute) video, "Bridging the Divide: Connecting People to Opportunity," is on the U.S. DOT webpage, Ladders of Opportunity.
Hat tips to Chuck Siegel and Larry Fox.
Published on Thursday, April 28, 2016 in NPR


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